依類型 族群 主題   
 
 
1998.06.01 ~ 2000.06.01
大鵬灣南平沙嘴聚落的漁村生活文化研究(Research on Life Culture of Fishing Village on Nan-Pin Settlement in Ta-Peng Bay)
族群: 平埔族  
主題: 部落建設、環境生態保育  
作者 林珮如
學校系所 臺南師範學院鄉土文化研究所
地點 全臺 全部  
研究內容

*中心館藏網址:http://tulips.ntu.edu.tw/record=b2174108*cht  

[ 摘要 ]
大鵬灣南平沙嘴聚落的漁村生活文化研究
摘要
大鵬灣面積廣五百卅二公頃,因海流和季風攜帶林邊溪沖積入海的泥沙,形成「沙嘴」,構成獨特的潟湖景觀;南平里是發生在沙嘴地形上的漁村聚落,由於沙嘴屬於不穩定的地形,定居困難,而相傳此地原為平埔族茄藤社的舊居地,其後再由目前的居民遷入,本文針對南平居民在此定居的事實探討。
大鵬灣灣區的漁業發展以漁塭養殖為主,在南平的生產型態卻並存養蚵、箱網養殖與漁塭養殖等方式,與東港鎮其他地區迥然不同。
信仰方面,東港東隆宮為台灣著名的王爺廟,三年一次的燒王船祭典為當地最重要的民俗宗教活動,而南平里雖屬東港鎮治,卻未參加這項祭典活動,南平獨自以里內的南隆宮為信仰重心,所發展自成體系的祭祀活動,亦為本文
探討的焦點之一。
民國八十六年政府成立「大鵬灣國家風景特定區管理處」,規劃發展國際性的水域休閒活動渡假基地;由於開發計畫須拆除現有的蚵架及箱網,拆遷行動將導至原本依賴大鵬灣為生的居民,面臨生計問題,此外可能造成養殖戶遷離世居的大鵬灣。因開發計畫造成區域人文生態的改變,南平居民勢必變更其原有孤絕封閉的生活模式,面對生活文化變遷的衝擊。
本文針對變遷過程,記錄變遷前特定的漁村生活模式,同時討論地方農漁村,所面臨特定目的的開發行動時,與人文傳統間產生衝突,所造成的深遠影響。

[ 英文摘要 ]
Research on Life Culture of Fishing Village on Nan-Pin Settlement in Ta-Peng Bay
Abstract
Ta-peng Bay is a large lagoon with more than 500 acres. Current and Monsoon carried sand sediment from Lin-beang Stream into the sea, formed a “spit” which developing to the inland area and a special landscape of Lagoon was resulted. Nan-ping is a settlement established on the Spit.
Fishing-herds is the main development in Ta-peng Bay. In Nan-Pin, some fishing herds have been occupying the bay to plant oyster shelves and set up fishing net-cage in the same time.
On religious believe, Nan-Pin organized it’s own system to have temple Nan-Long-gon as it’s religious center. Nan-Pin is part of Ton-kong town but it does not participate the worship ceremony host by temple Ton-Long-gon, which is the most important religious center of Ton-kong town and famous of it’s King-Boat burning ceremony. The ceremony is held every three years.
Ta-peng Bay National Scenery Area was setup in 1997 and Ta-peng Bay was planned to develop a Water Area Recreation Base in order to develop the whole area. However, the coming development under consideration by no means will cause a great change of human ecology and result in a culture transformation.
This paper will focus the case study on the changing life in Nan-Pin, which affected by the development of Ta-peng Bay. The impact from development will change the life contents in Nan-Pin.
To fulfill the objectives of this research, field survey on the changing of Nan-ping settlement was widely operated. Further more to discuss the conflicts between native village and planning development on the bias of nature settlement location.